Css grid navbar responsive

A responsive top navigation menu is the cornerstone of a webpage.

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Without it, we would just blindly navigate web pages to find what we want. That would increasingly become a problem when there are topics nested in sub-topics nested in sub-topics. Enter the navbar…. They seem to pull it off so effortlessly and, most importantly, the experience across devices Desktop, tablet and mobile seems so smooth and uniform.

The average user can have confidence that, for any given website, they can have an easy experience on almost any device. That, or the company has spent quite a hefty budget on building different views for different devices. This tutorial is aimed at beginners to junior developers, who want to learn how to build a responsive top navigation menu and gain a strong grasp of the related concepts.

We will walk you through a specific implementation of the navbar, and you can further customise it from there. The first meta tag is particularly important, because it ensures the responsiveness applies to all devices. The other two links are CDN links I found on their official websites. By now, we have:. Now that we have our basic skeleton setup, we can begin with the actual meat of the project: the different responsive views.

In general, mobile views consist of single-column layouts, and the navigation needs to be as unobtrusive as possible. The basic idea here was to give the navbar a fixed height, while hiding the search bar and navlinks for now. I added the background colors for the sole purpose of making the different sections distinctive.

The links themselves have typical styling: the removal of the underlines on the links, etc. For the hamburger button, we float it to the right. Then, we give it an absolute width and height of 30px and a margin of 10px. The margin is 10px right around because it will not only take it slightly away from the absolute edge of the page, but it will also vertically align the button!

css grid navbar responsive

This is because the navbar itself has a height of 50px, so the 10px on top and the 10px on the right would give it some breathing space. Finally, we added some styling to the search bar. I selected both the text field and the button for this. Next, we add the code that implements the actual showing and hiding of the navlinks and search bar:. Line 1 is a function that contains a built-in event listener for when the DOM loads. Then, on line 3 we have a click event listener for the hamburger button.

The toggle function will take turns to hide and show the selected items, with the parameter being how long it takes to show and hide it in milliseconds. So it takes one second to fade in and out. Line 5 is changing the bars icon to the times a cross icon, to show which button to click to hide the menu again.Navigation is such a significant piece of your site.

CSS is obviously the ideal language for structuring delightful navigation menus. It very well may be applied to a site and is entirely adaptable.

Try not to be frightened if your very own CSS aptitudes are genuinely restricted as there are a ton of incredible instructional exercises out there that walk you through how to include perfect and expert looking CSS menus to your site.

The accompanying code bits are ideal for design. Website design is a rising procedure with cool new patterns each year. These valuable pieces are ideal for designers to seize and use as a platform for other web ventures. The following lists of top designs demonstrate every one of the instances of Navigation bars with live demos and code, so continue perusing.

This uses an advanced and exquisite looking responsive navigation bar. This bootstrap navbar pursues the conventional design in an advanced outfit. Everything is directly in this format, you have clear marking, links have sufficient measure of room, and a source of inspiration catch toward the end.

Responsive Dropdown Nav Menu With Pure CSS

Since the brand logo is independent of all other menu components, it gives great permeability to your image name or logo. This uses a scroll spy component so that on clicking any navigation menu will easily take us to the particular page. The designer has adjusted the navbar component delightfully in this structure.

An equivalent measure of the room is for the menu choices. Likewise you can see various sub-menus. In this navbar plan, the designer has kept the menu names short and fresh.

Additionally We can see the media screen in the CSS code which implies that the Nav menu is responsive and can fit in mobile devices too. This is practically like the structure we just discussed previously.

A touch of movement assumes a key job in making this plan one of a kind and engaging.

How to build a responsive navigation bar (Flexbox vs CSS Grid)

Via cautiously structuring your site directly from the menu bar will enable you to serve your clients better. Aside from the insightful highlights, this model additionally has an in vogue and cool looking plan.

Perhaps the foundation shading makes this additionally engaging. On drifting the menu will make them red from the white text. On clicking will just demonstrate the sub-menus of that particular menu though the other various menus get covered up.

Rather, you can pursue a sidebar structure, which means putting the components along the edges and giving it a substantially more delightful effect. In this navbar plan, you can see that the designer has utilized the 3D navbar structure to present to the clients.

The symbols alone can be found in the first. On floating gives a 3D effect to the symbols to exhibit the genuine name of the menu.We will look at two different ways of building this navbar, one way with flexbox, and the other with CSS grid. And you can see which method that you like better.

On desktop, all the links will be on the same row, with Home on the left, and the other links on the right. Then on mobile, we will have Home on the top row and the other links on the bottom row. And the links will be centered on the page. This will be the basic navigation markup to start with.

But not to worry! Things are looking better! For colors, I like creating Sass variables. What we want is for the underline to change to a gradient of pink to purple, and the link text to turn from white to pink when you hover over a link. I usually start by writing the desktop styles first, and then the mobile.

Because desktop usually is more complicated with multiple columns, whereas on mobile things tend to be stacked in one column. But you can write your styles in whichever order makes sense for you. In our desktop navigation, we want the Home link to be on the left, and the other three secondary links together on the right. To make this happen with flexbox, we will need to divide the links into two groups: one for links on the left, and the other for links on the right.

Both groups will then be flex child elements of the flex parent. Now, we want the three secondary links to also be next to each other in a flexbox arrangement. We can center it by moving that style rule into a media query for larger widths.

You design your grid template meaning the columns and rows using grid properties in the parent element. And you can individually control where in that grid template the grid child elements are placed. Then we want the three secondary links to be on a second row, and centered. Another useful feature of CSS grid is the ability to create gutters space between grid items.Around six months ago I was asked to develop a single row navigation bar that could contain a variable number of menu items while filling the entire width of the container.

The amount of navigational items was dictated elsewhere and likely to change in future. Thinking ahead, it would have been impractical to change the CSS every time a menu item was added or removed. A resolution had to be found, ideally without using JavaScript. Fixed widths are unable to consistently fill the responsive container, as the below image illustrates. So we need to use percentages to accomplish this.

Percentages are the prevalent method to achieve a fluid grid layout in responsive designs and will come in useful here. Open it in a new window and test it out for responsiveness. Back to the drawing board, it is….

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Fear not, I am not advocating the use of a 90s throwback HTML table for layout; that would be semantically incorrect, of course. However, there are display values that allow elements to act like a table.

How to Build a Responsive Navigation Bar using CSS Flexbox and Javascript

Note the inclusion of the table-layout: fixed declaration, which applies an equal width to each menu item. This can be removed, but fluctuating lengths of text can cause the table to look off balance, so approach with caution.

Browser support is good too. Flexbox is the standout candidate to replace this method going forward, as the older versions of Internet Explorer are phased out and browser support for flexbox continues to improve. If you are unfamiliar with flexbox, you can check out this recent article on SitePoint or visit the specwhich explains it as follows:. Both horizontal and vertical alignment of the children can be easily manipulated.

Flexbox has some interesting features that may be appropriate in other use cases, such as the ability to reorder menu items by declaring the order property. As you can see in the above CodePen demo, the same result is achieved. Again, you can use the buttons to test out adding or removing a single item.

You can also add more items by editing the HTML.In this article, we will create a fully responsive navigation bar from scratch using only flexbox and a little bit of Javascript for toggle menu.

I will be taking the mobile first approach for building the navigation bar. That is, we will first make the navigation bar for mobile devices and then for the desktop using media queries. You can use any names for classes and Ids. Let's add some basic styling to make it look nice:. You can choose your own fonts, colors, and background.

Now add some padding and margin to make it look better.

css grid navbar responsive

For this, I am going to use Font Awesome icons. This is what it looks like.

css grid navbar responsive

Notice the little hamburger icon in the top left corner, this is looking weird. The navbar for mobile devices is almost complete now. This code toggles the active class on the menu list. So add following code in the CSS file. Sign in.

Sukhjinder Arora Follow. For Desktop: for desktop, all we have to do is to change flex-direction property to row and give a. Basic concepts of flexbox The Flexible Box Module, usually referred to as flexbox, was designed as a one-dimensional layout model, and as a….

This complete guide explains everything about flexbox, focusing on all…. Web Developer. Tech Writer. Loves poetry, philosophy and programming. See responses 8. More From Medium. Discover Medium. Make Medium yours. Become a member.Using CSS grid and flex properties, the easiest point is making an object responsive.

Nowadays the grid-based menu is on trend, Many creative developers now choose a grid-based menu over simple navbar. Yesterday, I was surfing some personal websites, Then I saw a menu with grid view.

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Believe me, I feel these types of the menu is more attractive than a list type menu. Otherwise, you can use this to make your website more good looking.

Now the question is how to create the menu? I added using display flex because I am also using it along with grid property. If you are thinking now how this menu actually is, then see the preview given below. Now you can see this visually. If you like this, then get the source code of its.

As you know I got inspiration from a personal portfolio website to creating this. Actually, JavaScript has a very small part of this menu. I used JavaScript to just create a toggle buttonnothing else.

After click on plus button its rotate on deg. For creating the line effect on hover I used :before property. At before section, I created a blank content with 3px widthbottompx; and transform-origin: bottom; property.

After positioning and alignment, the final line you can see on the video. I used display: grid; property only in the main div. In content section I used display: flex; property.

For placing Image I put background-image property by selecting.Planning and creating your menu for mobiles will perhaps be the trickiest aspect of building a responsive layout. It is a juggling act between both readability and functionality.

Start Downloading Now! All additional markup will be included dynamically using jQuery. The aim is to build, on larger screens, a horizontal drop-down menu, with up to two levels of sub-menus that appear when the parent element is hovered over. And on smaller screens, a menu button that will display the menu vertically, displaying sub-menus when the parent element is clicked or touched. Responsive Multi-Level Navigation. With this technique, you will be shown how to create a responsive menu, without JavaScript, using clean and semantic HTML5 markup.

The menu can be aligned left, center or right, and this will toggle on hover, which is much more user-friendly than on click. This technique works on all mobile and desktop browsers including Internet Explorer. This tutorial demonstrates how to create a smoother reveal mobile menu using CSS3 rather than animating it with JavaScript. Once you click the menu icon, the click event will assign the class of active to the drawer container that alters the translate value to bring the drop-down menu nice and smoothly into view.

Modernizr will detect whether the user's device is capable of CSS transforms, if it isn't the menu will simply show and hide the menu after the button is pressed. Top Drawer. With this tutorial, you will be shown a very simple approach for building a responsive menu from the ground up using CSS3 media queries and a little jQuery to display the menu on a smaller mobile screen.

Simple Responsive Navigation. Mobile Drawer-Style Menu. This tutorial offers a step by step instructions to building a responsive navigation menu that adapts to varying screen sizes in a block-styleusing media queries. CSS3 Responsive Menu. In this tutorial you will learn how to build a simple and straight-forward mobile layout and navigation, then progressively enhance the design for larger screens, using media queries that detect steadily increasing screen sizes, adding style and features as you go.

Please note that this solution is a proof of concept and should not be used in production. This tutorial, from Smashing Magazine, takes you through the steps for coding your navigation using a little forethought and considering the principles of progressive enhancement from the beginning and applying some responsive practices at the end, allowing your navigation to easily accommodate less-capable browsers and modern browsers in both desktop and mobile environments.

With this tutorial you will learn how to code a simple and effective responsive navigation menu, with a grid layout, that you will be able to easily modify and reuse in your own projects. The code for this menu is based on the famous Suckerfish Dropdown menu, restyled to make it responsive. It will work great in all modern desktop browsers without Javascript. HorizontalNav is a jQuery plugin that spans a horizontal navigation to fit the full width of it's container.

It comes with an option to make it responsive, allowing the navigation to auto-adjust when the window is resized. Used together with media queries it helps you to create a space saving, responsive navigation for small screen devices. This tutorial takes a typical desktop menu and shows you how to, using Modernizr, jQuery and media queries, convert it to a small menu button for smaller screens that only appears when pressed, and pressing it again will retract it.

It comes with a handful of options, including the really useful "combine", that allows you to convert multiple navigation lists into a single dropdown.

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Hopefully the solutions we have for you below will help get you on your way.


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